Mastering the Art of Authentic Nigerian Egusi Soup Recipe: A Flavorful Culinary Journey


Take a culinary journey into the heart of Nigerian cooking as we reveal the techniques behind the flavorful and rich Egusi Soup recipe. This extensive guide, which takes its cues from Nigerian Foodie Hub, goes beyond the fundamentals to walk you through the Fried Method of making real egusi soup. Come celebrate the rich cultural diversity and vibrant flavours found in this well-loved Nigerian dish.

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  • 2 cups melon seeds (Egusi)
  • 1 cup palm oil
  • Assorted meat (beef, goat meat, tripe)
  • Stockfish and/or dried fish
  • 2 cups spinach or bitter leaf (washed and shredded)
  • 2 onions (divided)
  • 2 tablespoons ground crayfish
  • 2 tablespoons ground pepper or Scotch Bonnet pepper
  • 2 bouillon cubes
  • Salt to taste

Step-by-Step Process of Recipe

Prepare the Egusi:

In a dry pan, roast the melon seeds (Egusi) until their nutty aroma releases. After letting them cool, grind them into a smooth paste.

Prepare the Meat and Fish

Add salt, bouillon cubes, and onions to the mixed meat. Cook until softened.
The dried fish and stockfish should be soaked in hot water until they are soft. Shred and debone the fish.

Cooking the Soup Base

Heat the palm oil in a different pot until it turns clear. Add the sliced onions and let them softly caramelise.

Add the Ground Egusi

Add the ground egusi paste and cook it in the palm oil until it thickens and becomes uniform in texture.

Introduce the Meat and Fish

Mix the Egusi mixture with the dried fish, stockfish, and cooked mixed meat. To guarantee an even distribution, thoroughly stir.

Season and Simmer

Add pepper, ground crayfish, and extra bouillon cubes, if necessary, to season the mixture. Simmer the soup over low heat.

Add the Greens

Add the shredded spinach or bitter leaf to the pot and stir just long enough to mix it into the creamy soup base.

Adjust Seasoning and Serve

If needed, taste the soup and adjust the seasoning. Your Egusi Soup is ready to serve once the greens have wilted.

Tips for Egusi Soup Recipe

  • Diverse Proteins:
    • To enhance the flavours, try a variety of meats, such as tripe and goat meat.
  • Ingredient Freshness:
    • To make your Egusi Soup’s greens more vibrant, use fresh spinach or bitter leaf.
  • Regulate the Thickness:
    • By adjusting the amount of ground Egusi paste and cooking time, you can change the soup’s thickness.
  • Individualised Spiciness Level:
    • You can adjust the amount of Scotch Bonnet pepper to your desired level of heat in your soup.
  • Craft of Gradual Simmering:
    • To ensure that the flavours blend together and produce a dish that is harmonious and well-balanced, let the soup simmer on low heat.

Healthy Benefits of Egusi Soup Recipe

  • High in Protein:
    • A significant protein boost is provided by a variety of meats and fish, which is necessary for the health of muscles and general wellbeing.
  • Rich in Nutrients Greens:
    • A nutrient-rich meal is encouraged by the addition of vital vitamins and minerals from spinach, also known as bitter leaf.
  • Cardio-Friendly Palm Oil:
    • Although palm oil is high in calories, it has heart-healthy properties due to its antioxidant content, provided it is consumed in moderation.
  • Minerals in Melon Seeds:
    • Egusi seeds are a good source of protein, vital vitamins, and healthy fats.
  • Healthy Eating:
    • Meats, fish, veggies, and melon seeds come together to make a dish that is both wholesome and well-rounded.


Enjoying a homemade Egusi Soup Recipe not only allows you to indulge in a satisfying meal but also to fully embrace Nigeria’s rich cultural heritage and culinary artistry. Have you tried making Egusi Soup Recipe the Fried Method way or in your own special way? Comment below with your experiences, advice, or local differences. Together, let’s carry on the discussion and delve deeper into the rich and varied realm of Nigerian cuisine.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is it possible to substitute ground Egusi powder for ground melon seeds?
    • Although it is possible to purchase ground Egusi powder, the soup tastes more authentic when the melon seeds are ground fresh.
  • What distinguishes bitter leaf from spinach in Egusi Soup Recipe?
    • Both greens are excellent; bitter leaf adds a distinct bitter taste, while spinach offers a milder flavour.
  • Can I use palm oil-free to make Egusi Soup Recipe?
    • The traditional flavour is enhanced by palm oil, but for a lighter version, you can substitute vegetable oil.
  • How long should dried fish and stockfish be soaked?
    • Before adding them to the soup, make sure they are tender by soaking them in hot water for at least half an hour.
  • Which side dishes complement egusi soup well?
    • Savour it with rice, mashed yam, or fufu for a hearty and filling meal typical of Nigeria.

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